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1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed by Eric H. Cline

By Eric H. Cline

In 1177 B.C., marauding teams recognized basically because the “Sea Peoples” invaded Egypt. The pharaoh’s military and military controlled to defeat them, however the victory so weakened Egypt that it quickly slid into decline, as did lots of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized international of the Bronze Age got here to an abrupt and cataclysmic finish. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the process quite a few many years. not more Minoans or Mycenaeans. not more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving financial system and cultures of the overdue moment millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, all at once ceased to exist, in addition to writing structures, expertise, and huge structure. however the Sea Peoples by myself couldn't have brought on such frequent breakdown. How did it happen?

In this significant new account of the reasons of this “First darkish Ages,” Eric Cline tells the gripping tale of the way the top was once led to by way of a number of interconnected disasters, starting from invasion and rebel to earthquakes, drought, and the slicing of foreign alternate routes. Bringing to lifestyles the colourful multicultural international of those nice civilizations, he attracts a sweeping landscape of the empires and globalized peoples of the overdue Bronze Age and indicates that it used to be their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic cave in and ushered in a gloomy age that lasted centuries.

A compelling mixture of narrative and the most recent scholarship, 1177 B.C. sheds new mild at the complicated ties that gave upward push to, and finally destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the past due Bronze Age—and that set the degree for the emergence of classical Greece.

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The exact location of Punt is now lost to scholars and is still a matter of dispute. 37 Hatshepsut’s expedition was not the first sent from Egypt to Punt, nor would it be the last. Several had been sent during the Middle Kingdom period, and later, during the mid-­fourteenth century BC, Amenhotep III sent a delegation. However, it is only in Hatshepsut’s record that the queen of Punt—­named “Eti” according to the accompanying inscription—­is depicted. , having a fleshy abdomen and massive—­ usually protruding—­ thighs and buttocks).

24 There is some dispute about whether the tablet ever reached the intended recipient on Cyprus. The original excavators who found the tablet thought the letter might never have been sent. 25 These excavators and other scholars initially surmised that the enemy ships had returned and sacked the city before the urgent request for assistance could be dispatched. This is the story that has since been repeated in textbooks for a generation of students, but scholars have now shown that the tablet was not found in a kiln and, as we shall see, was probably a copy of a letter that had been dispatched to Cyprus after all.

24 This is clearly a representation of an Aegean delegation to Egypt, one of several depicted in Egyptian tombs from this period. The Aegean peoples are not the only ones shown in Rekhmire’s tomb; in other registers both above and below are shown emissaries from Punt, Nubia, and Syria, with inscriptions next to each. Although unproven, it seems likely that we are looking here at a depiction of some major event that took place during Thutmose III’s reign, and that the delegates or merchants from the Aegean are just one part of the multinational crowd that has gathered or been summoned.

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