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A Handbook of Eastern Han Sound Glosses by W. South Coblin

By W. South Coblin

The center of the paintings is a systematically prepared directory of 2,558 sound glosses and 345 Buddhist transcriptions. chinese language characters in every one access are provided with center chinese language and japanese Han reconstructed types.

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Extra info for A Handbook of Eastern Han Sound Glosses

Example text

Citta It therefore seems safe to conclude that earlier dentals followed by y had become palatalized in the underlying language(s) of the BTD texts. 2. Sanskrit intervocalic c and / were often lost in the Prakrits (Woolner 1928:11). In GandharT they became -y- (Burrow 1937:6; Brough 1962:86). : 160 233 251 Wl fBJffltii ifw-sj ? acara Skt. ajatasatru Skt. yojana It is thus unlikely that earlier -c- and -j- had been lost in the language (s) underlying the BTD texts. 3. Sanskrit medial p, t, k, and c are voiced in some Prakrits (Pischel 1900: 143, section 192 and p.

Such cases can always be suspected of representing extraneous material of some sort. As pointed out by Bodman, one gloss is mistakenly listed twice. 11 / Part I: Preliminary Questions The EH Buddhist translations with which we are concerned are probably the products of a number of foreign missionaries working with Chinese or sinicized assistants. Zlircher (1959:31) gives the following description of the way the translation work was carried out:10 The master either had a manuscript of the original text at his disposal or he recited it from memory.

11 It is well known that the Han Buddhist translations teem with transcriptions of foreign names and terms. A basic problem in working with these materials is that of deciding what Chinese dialect or dialects served as the "target language(s)" of the translators. As will become apparent in Chapters 5 and 6 there is evidence that more than one dialect may have been involved, but it is my belief that the material is homogeneous enough to be treated as a single source, which I call BID. " As a working hypothesis I have supposed that most of the transcriptions in these texts may reflect the sound system of the Luoyang dialect of the same period.

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