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A sketch grammar of Satawalese : the language of Satawal by Kevin M Roddy

By Kevin M Roddy

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Extra resources for A sketch grammar of Satawalese : the language of Satawal Island, Yap State, Micronesia

Sample text

3 Low vowel dissimilation Low vowel dissimilation (LVD) is a phonological process attested in Marshallese, Woleaian, and other Pacific languages such as Ere, a language of the Admiralty Islands 30 (Blust 1996a), and South Efate, a language of Vanuatu (Lynch 2000). LVD was first noted by Bender (1969) in Marshallese, and later by Sohn in Woleaian (1971). ” LVD applies to a sequence of two low vowels. The result is that the first dissimilates to a mid or high vowel. In Satawalese, LVD can be represented by the following rule: a !

Transitive sentences require a subject and a direct object (underlined in the following examples): Martin e weri paew ‘Martin saw a shark’ 48 Sartilug e aeraekraek pwuuk we ‘Sartilug reads the book’ Kiirh si ffeor waa ‘We build canoes’ Ditransitive verbs require a subject noun phrase 1, an indirect object 2, and a direct object 3. ’ Intransitive verbs describe a condition, quality, or state of a subject and do not take objects. 1 Transitive verb suffixes Satawalese has a set of suffixes that mark certain verbs as transitive.

B2$ ‘mucus’ #&&#! $116-$ ‘choose, select’ $G11/ ‘swim’ $11A$ ‘new’ Minimal pairs: $G11G11$ ‘to swim’ and $G1G1$ ‘to gut a fish’ $116-$ ‘select, choose’ and $16-$ ‘to be accustomed to,’ $11'6$ ‘call out’ and $1'6$ ‘rock’ ) 27 #55#! "#$ ‘best’ I found no true geminate glides, but apparent geminates of both may occur as in compound words and at morpheme boundaries. 3 Vowels Vowel sounds are produced by a relatively free flow of air in the vocal tract. In Satawalese, all vowels are voiced. Several Chuukic languages, including Woleaian, consistently reflect phrase final short vowels as whispered or voiceless vowels (Sohn and Tawerilmang 1976, 22).

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