By Rodney Huddleston, Geoffrey K. Pullum
This groundbreaking undergraduate textbook on sleek commonplace English grammar is the 1st to be in keeping with the progressive advances of the authors' earlier paintings, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (2002). The textual content is meant for college kids in schools or universities who've very little earlier history in grammar, and presupposes no linguistics. It comprises workouts, and should supply a foundation for introductions to grammar and classes at the constitution of English, not just in linguistics departments but additionally in English language and literature departments and colleges of schooling.
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Extra info for A Student's Introduction to English Grammar
Inviting the Smiths was a mistake. b. He 's [the guy who wrote the editorial]. In [ib] the subordinate clause is complement of the verb know. It is marked by the subordinator that, though in this context this is optional: in I know she 's ill the subordinate clause does not differ in form from a main clause. In [iib] the subordinate clause is subject of the larger clause. Its structure differs more radically from that of a main clause: the subject is missing and the verb has a different inflectional form.
B. b. b. *Do you have told her? Does he have enough money. Do I have to sign both forms ? Does he have a fit when you do that? [ perfect ] } [ static ] [dynamic] (c) Need Need behaves as an auxiliary (a modal auxiliary) when it has a bare infinitival com plement (overt or understood). Elsewhere, it is a lexical verb. e. in neg atives, interrogatives and related constructions: J Static have as an auxiliary is used more by older than by younger speakers, and is more characteris tic of BrE than AmE.
B. Kim flew home. Notice that we said that flown is REQUIRED in contexts like [ l a] , but that flew is in contexts like [b] . This is because in [b] we could have flies instead of flew. And there is of course a difference in meaning between Kim flew home and Kim flies home: the former locates the situation in past time, while the latter locates it in present or future time. We see from this that there are two kinds of inflection: in some cases an inflec tional contrast serves to convey a meaning distinction, while in others (like the flown of [ l a] ) the occurrence of a particular inflectional form is simply determined by a grammatical rule.