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A syntax of substance by David Adger

By David Adger

In A Syntax of Substance, David Adger proposes a brand new method of word constitution that eschews useful heads and labels constructions exocentrically. His notion at the same time simplifies the syntactic method and restricts the diversity of attainable constructions, ruling out the ever-present (remnant) roll-up derivations and forcing a separation of arguments from their obvious heads. This new procedure has a couple of empirical results, which Adger explores within the area of relational nominals throughout assorted language households, together with Germanic, Romance, Celtic, Polynesian, and Semitic. He exhibits that the relationality of such nouns as hand, edge, or mother -- which appear to have as a part of their which means a relation among ingredients -- is absolutely a part of the syntactic illustration within which they're used instead of an inherent a part of their which means. This empirical consequence follows without delay from the recent syntactic method, as does a unique research of PP enhances to nouns and possessors. Given this, he argues that nouns can, commonly, be considered easily standards of substance, differentiating them from precise predicates.

A Syntax of Substance deals an leading edge contribution to debates in theoretical syntax concerning the nature of syntactic representations and the way they connect with semantic interpretation and linear order.

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By hypothesis, Label({of Lilly}) = P, and assume that there is an LTF g = , allowing a prepositional element to combine with the extended projection of a nominal root √ d. But picture is not in the domain of Label, because Root Labeling √ applies only to { picture} √ The crucial step here is (48d). The way a derivation of a { , Complement} structure would have to work would require the Label function to apply to a root, but roots are not in the domain of that function. The root has to Self Merge, which creates a structure which can be labeled, but then we do not √ have a binary { , Complement} configuration.

B. Root Labeling √ Label({ x}) = some L ∈ {N, V, A} I have already argued for the necessity of Transition Labeling. All systems have some means of specifying the embedding relation between one functional Labels and Structures 29 category and another. All systems, equally, need a way of specifying the category of a root, whether by stipulation as a lexical property or via labeling in the syntactic system by some category bearing element. Root Labeling also, therefore, has to be stated in any system (note that this issue is orthogonal to the question of the underspecification of roots for category information—even if roots do not carry syntactic information, they must be embedded in something that does carry some syntactic information).

DP] Here the DP must actually be a specifier of some element within the extended projection of V. There are, of course, many proposals that separate the root from its object, generating arguments of the verbs in specifier position (Travis 2000; Borer 2005b; Ramchand 2008, etc); in the theory of phrase structure developed here, the alternative standard view is not an option. We are forced Labels and Structures 31 into, rather than simply stipulating, the introduction of arguments by syntactic structure.

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