By Nesset, Tore
This ebook is suitable for phonologists, morphologists, Slavists and cognitive linguists, and addresses questions: How can the morphology-phonology interface be accommodated in cognitive linguistics? Do morphophonological alternations have a that means? those questions are explored through a complete research of stem alternations in Russian verbs. The research is couched in R.W. Langacker's Cognitive Grammar framework, and the e-book bargains comparisons to different types of cognitive linguistics, akin to building Grammar and Conceptual Integration. The proposed research is in addition in comparison to rule-based and constraint-based techniques to phonology in generative grammar. with out resorting to underlying representations or procedural ideas, the Cognitive Linguistics framework allows an insightful method of summary phonology, delivering the $64000 benefit of restrictiveness. Cognitive Grammar presents an research of a whole morphophonological approach when it comes to a parsimonious set of theoretical constructs that every one have cognitive motivation. No advert hoc equipment is invoked, and the research yields powerful empirical predictions. one other virtue is that Cognitive Grammar can establish the which means of morphophonological alternations. for instance, it's argued that stem alternations in Russian verbs conspire to sign non-past that means. This ebook is available to a huge readership and provides a welcome contribution to phonology and morphology, that have been understudied in cognitive linguistics.
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Additional resources for Abstract Phonology in a Concrete Model: Cognitive Linguistics and the Morphology-Phonology Interface
In a sense, it is the way the parts function together that constitutes the whole. A carburetor, for instance, is not much of a carburetor without the other parts of the engine, because without these parts it cannot function properly. 5, the dashed connection line represents a relation between the two parts. The connection line connects the ending with the suspension points in the dashed circle. The suspension points tell us that the stem-ﬁnal labial is followed by something, and the correspondence line clariﬁes that this “something” is [u].
Such frameworks are often known under the common denominator “the Usage-Based Model”. g. Elman and McClelland (1984). The nodes in the network are schemas which are more or less entrenched depending on how often they are activated. Numerous important contributions to cognitive linguistics have been couched in the Usage-Based Model (cf. g. Barlow and Kemmer 2000, Bybee 2001 and Tomasello 2003). Although there are differences in terminology and empirical focus, all these frameworks are largely compatible with Langackerian Cognitive Grammar.
As there is no feature constellation that unites all hard segments, it is not possible to form a schema for this category as a whole. In a sense, therefore, “hard” consonants are “unmarked”, while “soft” consonants are “marked” – a characterization of the situation that many Slavists will recognize. 4. Abstractness: Schemas instead of rules In serialist approaches to phonology, regularities are captured by means of rules that specify procedures applying to underlying representations. Rules of this sort are not part of the cognitive linguist’s toolbox.