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Advaita Tradition in Indian Philosophy: A Study of Advaita by Chandradhar Sharma

By Chandradhar Sharma

The current paintings is a comparative and demanding research of Shunyavada, Vijnanavada, Advaita Vedanta and Kashmira Shaivism, the 4 major platforms of Advaitavada or non secular non-dualism which has been the main celebrated culture in Indian philosophy. it truly is in line with the author`s examine of unique resources and while facing primary matters unique texts are both quoted or stated. The issues of similarity and of distinction between those structures are mentioned intimately and with nice readability. Professor Sharma, together with his specific present of expressing abstruse metaphysical techniques in a transparent language, has eminently succeeded in correcting a few misconceptions and in clarifying many tough and imprecise issues approximately those structures. This paintings is certainly a masterly survey of Mahayana Buddhism, Advaita Vedanta and kashmira Shaivism which brings into rominence the author`s unique contributions a few of that are of remarkable benefit for an accurate appreciation of the relation between those systems.The Advaita culture in Indian Philosophy might be came upon eminently worthwhile by means of the scholars of philosophy in universities and faculties and in addition by way of all people who find themselves drawn to Buddhism, Vedanta and Kashmira Shaivism and who desire a transparent and actual exposition of the advance of the Advaita culture in Indian philosophical idea.

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Extra resources for Advaita Tradition in Indian Philosophy: A Study of Advaita in Buddhism, Vedanta & Kashmira Shaivism

Sample text

His con­ demnation of metaphysics was from a higher standpoint of spiri­ tual experience. Another interpretation of Buddha’s silence is that he was an agnostic and reality for him was unknown and unknowable, and that he had no ‘reasoned conviction on the matter’. This is also wrong. There is no note of doubt, despair and agnosticism in his teachings. He claimed in absolutely clear and unambiguous terms to have realised the truth and engaged himself in guiding his disciples towards this realisation.

All the realists believe that the souls are many in number. As the realists do not accept the distinction between the empirical and the Absolute, for them the ‘empirical ego’ is also real as it is the individual self itself in real bondage, though it realises its real nature when liberated. The Upanisadic seers and the Advaita Vedantins use the word atmd in the sense of the pure transcendent subject, which is at once pure consciousness and bliss. Buddha and the Buddhists, on the other hand, use the word dtmd in the sense of an empirical ego or in the sense of an eternal individual substance and reject its ultimate reality, while accepting its empirical validity.

Avachanam Buddhavachanarn . . yo* k$arapadtam dharmam deshayad sa pralapad nirak$aratvad dharmasya. , pp. 142-3, 194. 4. , p. 116. 5. varam khalu sum erum atra pudgaladfstih na tu nastyastitvabhimanikasya shunyatadr§ph . . (sa) hi vainashiko bhavad. , p. 146. 6. lasmadubhe anta vivaijayitva madhye’pi slhanam na karod panditah II Samadhiruja, p. 30. 42 The Advaita Tradition in Indian Philosophy formed into non-dual spiritual experience consists of four medi­ tations (dhydna), four meditative joys (Brahma-vihara), three higher meditations or deep concentrations (samadhi), six excellences (pdramita) and ten stages of spiritual advancement (bhumi).

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