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An Introduction to the Grammar of English: Syntactic by Elly van Gelderen

By Elly van Gelderen

This advent presents a full of life and obviously written textbook. It introduces uncomplicated suggestions of grammar in a structure which encourages the reader to take advantage of linguistic arguments. the fashion of the booklet is attractive and examples from poetry, jokes, and puns illustrate grammatical concepts.The concentration is on syntactic research and proof. although, distinctive subject sections give a contribution sociolinguistic and ancient purposes at the back of prescriptive ideas comparable to the bans on break up infinitives, dangling participles, and preposition stranding.The ebook is established for a semester-long path. It offers routines, keys to these workouts, and pattern tests. additionally it is a entire thesaurus and proposals for extra analyzing.

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Example text

PPs include a P and an NP, as in (14): Chapter 3. Phrases P 14. P on NP D N the moon PPs can be replaced (pronominalized) by then, there, etc, which I have called adverbs above. In this section, it is necessary to jump ahead to Chapters 4, 5, 9 and 10 where functions are discussed. g. N and NP. Depending on where phrases are situated in the tree, they play a particular function, such as subject and object. Functions will not be put in the tree structure because it should be clear from the tree.

Differences between adjectives and adverbs Morphology Adjectives Adverbs a. no -ly in most cases d. end in -ly in many cases (exceptions fast, now) e. modify V, Adj, or Adv Syntax b. modify N Semantics c. g: nationality, color, size. f. g: place, manner, time, duration, etc. 3 Prepositions Prepositions often express place or time (at, in, on, before), direction (to, from, into, down), or relation (of, about, with, like, as, near). They are invariable in form and occur before a noun (or Noun Phrase, see the next chapter), as (23) shows, where the prepositions are in bold: 23.

In (62) to (65), the adverbs all express the speaker’s attitude and this is a legitimate use of an adverb; they do not all have to modify the VP. More on this in Chapter 5. 29 3 Phrases Sentences can be divided into groups of words that belong together. For instance, in the nice unicorn ate a delicious meal, the, nice, and unicorn form one such group and a, delicious, and meal form another. (We all know this intuitively). The group of words is called a phrase. e. the head, is an adjective, the phrase is an Adjective Phrase; if the most important part of the phrase is a noun, the phrase is a Noun Phrase, and so on.

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