By A Mlynarczyk
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Extra resources for Aspectual Pairing in Polish
In this chapter we trace the origins of the idea, and then examine their relevance to contemporary Polish. Chapter 4. An Aspectual Classification of Polish Verbs. With our historical and critical work behind us, we turn to the main positive contribution of the thesis: an aspectual classification of Polish verbs. We introduce the four formants we shall use, define the secondary imperfectivisation test (and its mirror image, the secondary perfectivisation test), and then present the classification in two ways: as a table, and as a simple Prolog program.
Perfective , isceliti. • Suppletion of the roots of prefixed verbs Example: imperfective *proxoditi ‘to be coming’ vs. perfective *proiti ‘to have come’. • Aspect-forming prefixes They introduce the meaning component of completion. Examples are: imperfective *xvaliti ‘to be praising’ vs. perfective *poxvaliti ‘to have praised’, *pisati ‘to be writing’ vs. perfective *napisati ‘to have written’, *dˇelati ‘to be doing, making’ vs. perfective *s’dˇelati ‘to have done, made’, *lubiti ‘to like, love’ vs.
A great majority of researchers refer to the compound tenses as ‘Perfectum’ and ‘Plusquamperfectum’, and 22 A little Polish Lesson describe these tenses as referring to the events that took place in the past but whose results are relevant at the time of reference; see for instance Klemensiewicz et al. (1965). A few researchers believe that it is incorrect to characterize the two compound tenses in terms of the semantic element of ‘resultativity’, and they argue that is is incorrect to refer to these tenses as ‘Perfectum’ and ‘Plusquamperfectum’; see for instance Sło´nski (1953).