By Darko Suvin
During this ebook Darko Suvin discerns the form of an rising post-Individualist drama that could be to our age what the theatre of Shakespeare and Ibsen used to be to theirs. Suvin establishes the rules of composition of a very important workforce of contemporary plays.
He examines a few significant makes an attempt and screw ups to interchange Ibsen's "Individualist" theatre with this new "Collectivist" drama. fairly very important and unique contributions to the topic are Suvin's chapters at the Happenings within the united states and at the Paris Commune Theatre legislations. The ebook makes a speciality of the paintings of Brecht, either as a result of the value of his performs and thanks to what Professor Suvin sees as Brecht's critical place this day in any cultural critique that refuses to melancholy.
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Extra resources for To Brecht and Beyond: Soundings in Modern Dramaturgy
But it is the ‘lustrous gnats’ that take the eye here, not rising and falling passively on the wind, as in Keats’s ‘Ode’, but dancing and wailing. ‘Dance and wail’ is the gnat equivalent of ‘twist and shout’. The gnats dance because they are lustrous, illuminated, irradiated. They wail because they won’t be irradiated for long – or, indeed, alive for long, being but gnats. There is a comparable passage in Tess of the d’Urbervilles: Looking over the damp sod in the direction of the sun a glistening ripple of gossamer-webs was visible to their eyes under the luminary, like the track of moonlight on the sea.
Chiefly, however, he annexes the image to his attempt to answer the basic questions posed by his topic. Why the Napoleonic wars? Why should Europe have been reduced to chaos? Why should thousands have died? These issues are raised directly by the various ‘Spirits’ who survey the cross-continental advances and retreats. In particular the Spirit of the Years makes repeated attempts to explain the root cause of the conflict to the Spirit of the Pities, his most telling device being his power to switch the Immanent Will into visual display mode.
He knows how reputations rise and fall, as Tennyson’s did at the end of the nineteenth and into the early twentieth century. He compares his era with Wordsworth’s, finding them both marked aesthetically by a ‘thirst after outrageous stimulation’ (Hardy is quoting the Preface to the Lyrical Ballads) and hence by an inability to distinguish high art from low. Hardy accepts that he, like Wordsworth, will have to wait for a readership mature enough for his art, and hence, again like Wordsworth and Tennyson, will have to brave out time’s handling of his name.